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Dwarf Balsam Fir

Abies balsamea 'Nana'

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Dwarf Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea 'Nana') at Eagle Lake Nurseries

Dwarf Balsam Fir

Dwarf Balsam Fir

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Dwarf Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea 'Nana') at Eagle Lake Nurseries

Dwarf Balsam Fir foliage

Dwarf Balsam Fir foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  29 inches

Spread:  4 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade  full shade 

Hardiness Zone:  3a


A dark green evergreen shrub with a mounded habit, suitable for use as garden detail or in a rock garden; prefers moist, acidic soils but should do well in most garden soils, best in full sun

Ornamental Features

Dwarf Balsam Fir is a dwarf conifer which is primarily valued in the garden for its ornamental globe-shaped form. It has dark green evergreen foliage. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter.

Landscape Attributes

Dwarf Balsam Fir is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.

This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and should not require much pruning, except when necessary, such as to remove dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Dwarf Balsam Fir is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • General Garden Use

Planting & Growing

Dwarf Balsam Fir will grow to be about 29 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 4 feet. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more.

This shrub performs well in both full sun and full shade. It prefers to grow in moist to wet soil, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is particular about its soil conditions, with a strong preference for sandy, acidic soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This is a selection of a native North American species.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Plant Form  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features