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European Burning Bush

Euonymus europaeus

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European Burning Bush (Euonymus europaeus) at Eagle Lake Nurseries

European Burning Bush in fall

European Burning Bush in fall

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

European Burning Bush (Euonymus europaeus) at Eagle Lake Nurseries

European Burning Bush flowers

European Burning Bush flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  6 feet

Spread:  6 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  3a

Other Names:  European Euonymus


A beautiful small multistemmed shrub which produces copious quantities of very showy orange and red seeds in fall, although inconsistent fall color; susceptible to scale insect troubles, keep a close watch

Ornamental Features

European Burning Bush has green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding brick red in the fall. The flowers are not ornamentally significant. It produces cherry red capsules from early to late fall.

Landscape Attributes

European Burning Bush is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Insects

European Burning Bush is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Mass Planting
  • Hedges/Screening

Planting & Growing

European Burning Bush will grow to be about 6 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 6 feet. It tends to be a little leggy, with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more.

This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Accent  Massing  Screening 
Fruit  Fall Color 
Ornamental Features